Preference voting with explanatory graphics

There is a full manual pref_pkg_manual.pdf


You can install pref from CRAN with:

# install.packages("pref")

You can install the development version of pref from GitHub with:

# install.packages("devtools")


The main functions count votes from a Single Transferable Vote (STV) election, and illustrate the count with clear explanatory graphics. The core option is Meek STV, which is the purest expression of the simple principles of STV (see Section 7 of the manual), but requires electronic counting. It can handle votes expressing equal preferences for subsets of the candidates. The function stv.wig implements the Weighted Inclusive Gregory method, as used in Scottish council elections, with the same options as stv, as described below. The functions stv and stv.wig require vote data input as an R list, whose essential component is a vote data matrix, but which can contain details such as an election title, and candidates’ parties and party colours. The function can translate various standard data formats into the required R list format.

Graphical output includes expository web pages; the function stv.result prints a summary of the election count and result.

Six examples are provided, drawn from real elections, hc12, p17, nws17, cnc17, yale and j02. The first four are from Scottish Council elections, the first a very simple case and the second a more usual one. The third example (nws17) is one where using the official counting method (WIG) no candidate achieves the fixed quota. The fourth is one where Meek and WIG STV produce different outcomes. The fifth, from a Yale faculty election, is an example with a large number of candidates (44 for 4 places). A simplified version, showing just the later stages of this election is provided as y12.

The final example, j02, is from a charity’s trustees election in which equal preferences were allowed.

To run, for example, the first of these: r # library(pref) hc12c=stv(hc12)

This code produces a list of variables summarising the count and final outcome. For details and options, see the manual.