# overdisp

Detection of overdispersion in count data for multiple regression analysis. Log-linear count data regression is one of the most popular techniques for predictive modeling where there is a non-negative discrete quantitative dependent variable. In order to ensure the inferences from the use of count data models are appropriate, researchers may choose between the estimation of a Poisson model and a negative binomialmodel, and the correct decision for prediction from a count data estimation is directly linked to the existence of overdispersion of the dependent variable, conditional to the explanatory variables. Based on the studies of Cameron and Trivedi (1990) <doi:10.1016/0304-4076(90)90014-K> and Cameron and Trivedi (2013, ISBN:978-1107667273), the overdisp() command is a contribution to researchers, providing a fast and secure solution for the detection of overdispersion in count data. Another advantage is that the installation of other packages is unnecessary, since the command runs in the basic R language.

Project name: overdisp - Overdispersion in Count Data Multiple Regression Analysis

Description: Log-linear count data regression is one of the most popular techniques for predictive modeling where there is a non-negative discrete quantitative dependent variable. In order to ensure the inferences from the use of count data models are appropriate, researchers may choose between the estimation of a Poisson model and a negative binomial model, and the correct decision for prediction from a count data estimation is directly linked to the existence of overdispersion of the dependent variable, conditional to the explanatory variables. Based on the studies of Cameron and Trivedi (1990, 2013), the command is a contribution to researchers, providing a fast and secure solution for the detection of overdispersion in count data. Another advantage is that the installation of other packages is unnecessary, since the command runs in the basic R language.

Usage: overdisp(x, dependent.position = NULL, predictor.position = NULL)

x - The user’s dataset. dependent.position - A single number that declares the position of the dependent variable in the user dataset. predictor.position - A number, or a set of numbers, that declares the position of explanatory variables in the dataset.

Details: The test for detecting overdispersion of count data proposed by Cameron and Trivedi (1990) is based on following equation, where is the equidispersion given by as follows:

which is similar to the variance function of the negative binomial model indicated by: , where and . For the test in highlighted expression, the significance of parameter must be verified, in which e .

For the detection of overdispersion in the count data, at a certain level of significance, Cameron and Trivedi (1990) postulated that a Poisson model should be estimated a priori. According to the authors, after this, an auxiliary ordinary least squares (OLS) model should be estimated without the intercept, whose dependent variable , given by expression , should be calculated using the fitted values of from the initially established Poisson model.

The auxiliary model given by should use as the sole predictor variable. After the estimation of the auxiliary model, Cameron and Trivedi (1990) recommend checking the p value from the Student’s t-test for the predictor variable . In the cases where , equidispersion at a pre-established significance level is indicated; when , overdispersion at a pre-established significance level is indicated.

Table of contents: A list with class “htest” containing the following components: statistic: the value of the Lambda t test score. p.value: the p-value for the test. method: the character string “Overdispersion Test - Cameron & Trivedi (1990)”. data.name: a character string giving the name(s) of the data. alternative: the character string “overdispersion if lambda p-value is less than or equal to the stipulated significance level”.

Credits: Rafael de Freitas Souza and Hamilton Luiz Correa.

Examples: overdisp(warpbreaks, dependent.position = 1, predictor.position = 2:3)